Adipates are a class of chemicals that are often used as plasticizers in PVC (polyvinyl chloride) formulations. Plasticizers are additives that are added to PVC to improve its flexibility, workability, and durability. Adipate plasticizers, such as diisodecyl adipate (DIDA) and dioctyl adipate (DOA), are commonly used due to their low volatility, good compatibility with PVC, and ability to provide excellent flexibility at both low and high temperatures.

When adipates are added to PVC, they help to reduce the rigidity of the polymer chains, allowing them to slide past each other more easily. This results in a more flexible and pliable PVC material, which is desirable for many applications such as in the production of flexible films, sheets, cables, and flooring.

Adipate plasticizers are preferred in certain applications over other types of plasticizers due to their low migration rates, which means they are less likely to leach out of the PVC over time, ensuring the long-term stability and performance of the material. Additionally, adipate plasticizers are often chosen for applications where low temperature flexibility is critical, as they can maintain flexibility even in cold environments.

Overall, adipates play a crucial role in modifying the properties of PVC to meet the specific requirements of various applications, contributing to its widespread use in industries such as construction, automotive, and packaging.